On average, Neanderthals were shorter than humans and they had a stockier build. They also had angled cheekbones, prominent brow ridges, and wide noses. Like humans, they used tools, controlled fire, and buried their dead. Also, while they are often depicted as dumb, savage brutes, researchers believe they were as intelligent as humans.
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10. We Were Better Hunters
9. Humans Violently Replaced Them
8. Volcanic Eruption
7. Humans Hunted With Wolves
6. We Had More Culture
5. The Division of Labor
4. Neanderthals Had Smaller Frontal Lobes
3. The Weather Change Changed Their Habitat
2. Disease Wiped Them Out
1. They Assimilated With Humans
I heard one estimate their food requirements were much higher, being bulkier. That is a competitive disadvantage is many scenarios. Obviously humans had many advantages. Perhaps dogs, hunting that didn't involve wrestling animals, larger groups, exotic diseases, ...
So the idea of hunting with dogs who were still wolves is now being taken seriously.
The dog/wolf divergence is at least 40,000 years old, in their DNA. Dogs started from a small group of wolves, likely scavengers. I'll bet somebody started it all with throwing nasty bits of food to wolf puppies who got ever closer, eating out of a human hand and losing all pride.
I think the most basic human/ dog interaction is the game called "fetch".
Cave man shoots a bird, with a bow and arrow. Proto Fido retrieves the game running up or down the steep hill, finding it with his nose, giving his pack leader first picking of its parts. If the dog doesn't bring it back intact, the caveman shoots and eats the dog.
Neanderthal probably thought it was all beneath him, eating something a dog fetched, how ridiculous. Besides, he was busy dying of a new disease that he got from his captive human female.
But the Neanderthals are not completely extinct full blooded yes but it has been discovered that a lot of people actually have different percentages of Neanderthal DNA so I believe that humans did not kill off the Neanderthals at least not completely there was a lot of cross breeding
Interesting to see how we have solid info about neanderthals (yet alot of people have posted untrue statements. That and have the wrong idea about hominid evolution).
And it doesn't seem like many people even watched the program, before posting something. Just because you can say something, doesn't mean you should. Especially if it's completely wrong.
Using "th" to represent the dental fricative is an English language typographic convention, required because English uses the Latin alphabet but contains some Greek words. In Greek the dental fricative is represented by the letter theta.
Neanderthal comes from a German pastor called Joachim Neander and the old German word "Thal" meaning valley ("Tal" in modern German). In German "th" does NOT represent the dental fricative, so every occurrence of the word Neanderthal was mispronounced in the video.
Based on Neandertal skulls, a newer theory has arisen. It is believed that Neandertals had voice boxes similar to other apes and human (homo sapiens) babies. Voice boxes that are incapable of speech - or at least very little speech. For modern humans the voice box migrates from being attached to the bottom of the skull to being located in the throat early in life. While this risks suffocation while eating it enables humans to have a large range of sounds we can produce. Simultaneously language evolved giving humans a gigantic evolutionary advantage over Neandertal - even though Neandertals were far stronger than humans, coordination in the hunt, battle, or any community effort would have been far more successful for those who can communicate. It has been asked, how can one even think without language.
I also have a very simple theory, human babies have fontanels, you can see them on the human skull and not the neanderthal. That would have made human birth easier and allowed for the brain to grow more and adapt after birth. This could have also meant that Neanderthal women that had human babies were more likely to survive and have more babies. Therefore while all of the other things probably lead to Neanderthals decline they eventually assimilated because of the relative ease of birth.
there is one more that should be on the list but isn't- a combination of all of these acting together. That i imagine is what killed them off as a seperate species. The climate changed, but during the ice ages there were several interglacial periods often lasting thousands of years in which the termperature warmed up and the climate changed, yet neanderthals survived those. but the stress that climate change put on them then came at the same time as the stress of homo sapiens arriving and their diseases.
Humans raped neanderthal women to such an extent that every neanderthal family had half human offsprings. Eventually, the true neanderthal died and only the half human half neanderthal was left. Humans again raped their women. This went on for generations until all neanderthals became humans.
Modern-day humans can hardly tolerate their next door neighbours. Now imagine what will happen if they meet some "inferior" Neanderthals occupying a piece of lush land. They were definitely "killed" by modern-day humans. With their more creative brain the Neanderthals were no match for Homo sapiens. They were simply pushed out of every piece of land Homo sapiens colonized/conquered. Until they were just gone. Most probably died from starvation.
I think Homo sapiens was just better at large scale cooperation and out competed the Neanderthals at every level.
It's #3 but a different reason. When the forest opened up the Neanderthal's thrusting spear ambush hunting technique became ineffective. On the other hand humans had the atlatl a projectile weapon. Bingo bango we thrived they died.
I did not hear a single viable reason in this presentation. Neanderthals were docile and ate mainly insects was my favorite. Please do not call this philosophical deduction or the scientific method. It is neither. How far we have strayed...
I’ve seen some white ppl get their DNA results here on YT and they’ll have a small amount of Neanderthal in them.. I’ve heard black ppl say that white ppl came from Neanderthals and that they’re the ONLY legitimate humans on this planet and we’re just a deformity. I mean, for ppl who are deformed.. we sure have made this world into something pretty amazing, eh? Some ppl on this planet have barely contributed at all ..
Neanderthals are humans but they're a different species of human from you and I. Neanderthals are shorter and have a bulkier build than us Homo Sapiens. It's kinda like how both Lions and Tigers are cats but different species.
Neanderthal were super predators. They were powerfully built, and hairy with prominent brow ridges. Neanderthals were very chimp-like with barreled chests. This super predator was four times as strong as a man.
Neanderthal kidnapped and raped homo sapiens women, which is why some humans have Neanderthal DNA. What contributed to their demise is they practiced cannibalism and inbreeding, which weakened Neanderthal populations. Disease also played a role as some human disease would have had devastating effects on Neanderthals.
They just got pushed out in the end by not enough breeding amongst there own species ,so 100% neanderthals just became extinct and some Dna is left in humans ,the same will happen with native Americans and Aboriginals too ,its sad really!!.......wonder what will happen when we or some other species Evolves,if us humans will get pushed out too.
Another possible reason is that Neanderthals lived in small-family groups of 10-30 members.
They lived separated by large distances and had trouble finding mates, so they constantly inbred with close relatives. In the long run, the mongrels they produced came down with deformities which could've shortened their lives.
Also, it has been discovered by anthropologists that they were cannibalistic in times of hunger.
This means that their numbers would also have decreased. Perhaps there were many reasons why they went extinct but put them all together and they had little chance of survival. It also means that they were NOT as intelligent than H. Sapiens.
It's also worth noting that because they had both large high powered brains and very strong, robust bodies with higher muscle and bone density, their minimum required caloric intake per day would have been significantly higher than ours, making them fare worse in times of famine.
What about the idea that maybe mostly interbred humans survived. Since all non Africans have neanderthal genes in them, maybe for some reason the genetic combination of homo/neanderthal people were fit species to survive whatever the conditions were and lived while completely neanderthals and most homo sapiens died out. The combination gave an advantage that caused both to die out. We just don't notice the homo sapiens being dead because they were replaced by the hybrid homo/neanderthal combination.
I would doubt any one cause caused the decline of the neanderthal. Most likely it was a huge combination of many factors. But what remained was not purely homo sapiens either.
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