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Best Theories About WHY the Neanderthals DIED OUT

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On average, Neanderthals were shorter than humans and they had a stockier build. They also had angled cheekbones, prominent brow ridges, and wide noses. Like humans, they used tools, controlled fire, and buried their dead. Also, while they are often depicted as dumb, savage brutes, researchers believe they were as intelligent as humans. →Subscribe for new videos every day! https://www.youtube.com/user/toptenznet?sub_confirmation=1 Help us translate our videos: https://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_queue?msg=10&tab=0 - Learn more why you might want to help: https://support.google.com/youtube/answer/6052538 Find more lists at: http://www.toptenz.net Entertaining and educational top 10 lists from TopTenzNet! Subscribe to our Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/TopTenz/ Business inquiries to [email protected] Other TopTenz Videos: Top 10 HORRIFYING Facts You Didn’t Know About KNIGHTS https://youtu.be/q1yvv9fHSw8?list=PLQ4d2-ByGhnKajPA6HFawry8Y3my_VX5Q Top 10 TERRIFYING Facts About MAORI WARRIORS https://youtu.be/V-5-1ffAe9w?list=PLQ4d2-ByGhnKajPA6HFawry8Y3my_VX5Q Text version: http://www.toptenz.net/10-theories-neanderthals-died.php Coming up: 10. We Were Better Hunters 9. Humans Violently Replaced Them 8. Volcanic Eruption 7. Humans Hunted With Wolves 6. We Had More Culture 5. The Division of Labor 4. Neanderthals Had Smaller Frontal Lobes 3. The Weather Change Changed Their Habitat 2. Disease Wiped Them Out 1. They Assimilated With Humans Source/Further reading: https://books.google.ca/books?id=daLLBgAAQBAJ&lpg=PA60&ots=8HG8ToQiIw&dq=humans%20better%20hunters%20than%20neanderthals&pg=PA60#v=onepage&q=humans%20better%20hunters%20than%20neanderthals&f=false http://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s40709-016-0054-7 https://www.theguardian.com/science/2013/jun/02/why-did-neanderthals-die-out https://www.theguardian.com/science/2015/mar/01/hunting-with-wolves-humans-conquered-the-world-neanderthal-evolution http://news.stanford.edu/2016/02/04/neanderthals-feldman-culture-0204/ https://www.theguardian.com/science/2010/dec/27/neanderthals-cooked-diet-us-research https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/03/130319093639.htm http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2004/02/0209_040209_neandertals.html https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20172660 https://genographic.nationalgeographic.com/neanderthal/
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Text Comments (1226)
doksucks (16 hours ago)
Great upload! Thanks :) By the way we decided to call ourselves sapiens because we are so very sapiens that we are able to extinct many species of living beings in no time, cause "fast" climate change and provide ourselves with nuclear mass distruction weapons Besides I hardly believe Neaderthals did practice slavery. Peace
Alex Bowman (1 day ago)
They may have naturally practiced birth control that is they may have limited childbirths in hard times whereas homo sapiens had children anyway.
Vintage Vinny DIY (1 day ago)
Your opinion on foodn is stupid ...just because i chase down and kill a buffalo doesnt mean i need or want an extra plate for dinner. More used energy requires more food and blah blah blah
sassulusmagnus (1 day ago)
They coupled their way out of existence, dating those hot Homo Sapiens Sapiens babes.  Or not.
David Tucker (2 days ago)
They are called democRATS now.
Shreem (2 days ago)
They went extinct because they were bound to one continent while humans were multi-continental. Campi Flegrei don't play.
Dennis Mitchell (2 days ago)
Through out history it's proven the most vicious and cunning species does prevail. Currently in the USA the dominant factors are greed and money being ruled by the 1%ers. The 1%ers are definitely needed for the purpose of investing so jobs are plentiful for the working class. This substitution for cheap labor instead of experienced qualified responsible workers will soon backfire as oppressed people do rise-up and revolt until the relationship does benefit all involved. Top to bottom. The 1st American billionaire was John D Rockefeller in 1916. (Oil magnant)..99 years later and America in 2015 has 2,028 billionaires while 40% of the population is receiving some sort of government assistance. What is wrong with that picture considering democrats seem to be pushing hard for cheap labor importing a BROWNER WORKFORCE ? ?
Fred Geno (2 days ago)
I wonder why african have no neanderthal genes?
David Anewman (3 days ago)
The Neanderthals didnt die out, they are called humans.
whompaone 1 (3 days ago)
Bullcrap, I saw a neanderthal on TV recently. The heads of Chicago police gave it a vote of no confidence.
nueva era (3 days ago)
they died out because of the FLOOD like every one else except Noah and his family
doksucks (16 hours ago)
Funny one mate! ahahaha
J.A. Matthews (5 days ago)
Indeed,they never died out ! I went to high school with more than a few of them , it was no fun !!!!
CapsLockBroken (6 days ago)
Cubic tons? 🤨
Ishtar G (6 days ago)
The number 1 answer is 100% true, dont believe me? Youtube Triple H and prove me wrong!
Darth Awar (6 days ago)
They did not die out 1 in 3 Humans have Neanderthals DNA so they merged with Humans to become Hybrids not Died Out!!!
MyLarryj (7 days ago)
Neanderthals did hunt, and very violently. They would jump on the backs of their prey and repeatedly stab it with a spear until it either died or they were thrown off. This is why there has not been one Neanderthal skeleton to be found that is not riddled with severe bone injuries. They did not die out completely. They are still alive genetically in a sence. Many Homo-sapien-sapiens DNA has markers belonging to the Neanderthal.
Sam Wallace (7 days ago)
Climate change you say?!?!?!?! What's this? Are you saying the earth has an ever changing climate and thinking that man could take credit is almost laughable. Oh yeah and flat earth..stuff
Doug Miles (7 days ago)
Boy he got that 1 wrong. Neanderthals diet consisted almost 100% of meat.
aly nicholls (8 days ago)
they died because we probably ate them. but the theory i prefer is that we, that is homo sapiens sapiens, are simply a hybrid of neanderthals and primitive humans, and the reason only upto 20% neanderthal dna is present is due to the different sizes of populations, and also because "human" dna was better suited to the changing climate so dominates the gene pool.
Speed Djaying (10 days ago)
Wilfred Morin (11 days ago)
If you insist on giving in to the US "Usual Measurements" only used in the USA. Please include the rest of the planet and remember we use the SI. You seem to want to flatter the backwards USA neanderthals.
Andrew Jenkins (12 days ago)
I agree with #10! I know a guy that looks like a Neanderthal, keepin that gene flowin!
ORISHA PHOTOS (13 days ago)
How did the neanderthals die out and you here making this youtube video? Helloo! Epic fail of scholarship 😪 smh
Charles Watson (13 days ago)
I'm only about a minute and a half into it, but this is my thought. They did not go extinct. They interbreed. Since there were more Cro-magnons, most of the DNA (90%-95%) in modern humans is Cro-magnon. The Neanderthals DNA (5%-10%) is also represented. Modern races can be interbreed in five hundred to a thousand years. Do you really think there would be any pure Neanderthals after thirty thousand years. Call this the Watson Theory.
Charles Watson (13 days ago)
OK - The Watson theory has already been taken. It is the last one they mention. It can possibly be mixed with another.
Ross Hornbostel (19 days ago)
neanderthals evolved into white euro🅱ians
OffCourse (22 days ago)
Neanderthals are still here. In fact if you analyse any Neanderthal not borne in Africa you will find that they have 96% Homo Sapien DNA
Dan Smith (22 days ago)
They dident die off they run the Republican party and the far right church's trumps proof or that
UsserError (22 days ago)
Odds are we hunted Them and killed them off.
Jon Doe (22 days ago)
What if they are bigfoot
LordOfThe Flightless (23 days ago)
Too specialed, and a mixing with homo sapiens and denisovens. This is the most logical conclusion. None of this better hunter malarke or 'because we're smarter', I mean... we're not. And Neanderthals would deck us, they were stronger and hardier than us (being more adapted for an ice age climate), the volcanic eruptions probably helped.
Daniel Murphy (23 days ago)
They died because we murdered them.
green house (24 days ago)
my master said that they went extinct because we killed them all. it was war. thousands of years ago, if we see someone not like us, we kill them.
Frank Pichardo (25 days ago)
Humans don’t conquer others just for being different, there were conquests among the same people. The Mayan kingdoms were constantly at war with each other, so were Asians, Europeans and Africans.
P. Hamilton (25 days ago)
They live on...as Democrats.
JamesNathaniel998 (26 days ago)
They died out cause they weren’t real
van hill (27 days ago)
Why did they die out.. The Democrat party needs them as voters..oh wait.. Guess they would fit right in.they ..
Zero to Awesome (27 days ago)
Maybe it’s because they were humans. It’s actually been proven that they were.
Joe Stickle (28 days ago)
4% of my DNA is Neanderthal, as per lab results. Neanderthals are still here, just mixed in with humans. The same is happening as we speak with different "races"
DaJointGuy (29 days ago)
Heres my question, Neanderthals had a run of about 600,000 years BEFORE humans came around, they had bigger brains and more muscle, and have evidence they used tools, made artwork, and even had burials for the dead, is it too farfetxhed to believe Neanderthals built the mega structures we see today being dating back before modern day Humans were around?
Bob Marly (30 days ago)
Vsauce here
Byron James Fitness (30 days ago)
Kevin McInnes (1 month ago)
Just wondering why other species havent killed off all their relatives
Stalker Stomper3 (1 month ago)
No matter how much this video attempts to dismiss intelligence as a factor between the 2 groups, intelligence is the 1 determining factor that would help one side overpower the other. Why this silly injection of trying to establish a failed group as being more, or equally intelligent, is beyond me.
hunter christensen (1 month ago)
Number 9, that combined with the whole cheddar man thing would mean that black people colonized whites thousands of years before the age of imperialism. Guess SJWs won’t be so enthusiastic about cheddar man anymore
Mary C (1 month ago)
They were subsumed...
Cisco4kid1990 (1 month ago)
the whole we killed them or they died by going up north to the snow is just dumb in reality we don't know why they died but they was not only as smart as we was but they was stronger than we was
Benjamin r (1 month ago)
They were probably communist.
FlamingDragun (1 month ago)
Because they never existed to begin with...
Jennifer S (1 month ago)
Why do u say that?
Savage Savant (1 month ago)
The germs we carried killed most of them. They're immune system couldn't cope.
Eliezer Jonathan (1 month ago)
well, new population from Africa swamped in and forcibly assimilate European population into being just fragments of DNA, to the point that the later population thought them as extinct... I am talking about Neanderthal extinction of course.
JayVolatileOfficial (1 month ago)
Awesome video!! :)
george (1 month ago)
We hunted and ate them
Sa Sa (1 month ago)
thanks to takaar we are at the top of the food chain
John Davis (1 month ago)
4% of my DNA are Neanderthal variants. I don’t think they were killed off. That would leave mass graves. No. I think they interbred themselves out of existence.
Matt (1 month ago)
The inter-breading thing makes sense, some people out here look like whole Neanderthals
asdf (1 month ago)
neanderthals didn't die out. they just emigrated to america
navidski (1 month ago)
Btw. The Neanderthals were human, too. Only a slightly different race or species. Some of your information on almost all of your videos are not very accurate!
navidski (1 month ago)
How could food be scares or limited 50.000 years ago with a handful of human and an endless abandoned of potential food?
fenrirgg (1 month ago)
I know a guy that looks almost exactly as this dude 5:06
neanderthals ate each other.
Vetnurselife (1 month ago)
Never heard of these cunts
Isolde de Pompadour (1 month ago)
It's also possible and has been posited with recent evidence forensic anthropology and better DNA testing that neanderthals did not so much go extinct as they interbred with early humans.
Isolde de Pompadour (1 month ago)
The idea of a division of labour down gender lines in early humans is unlikely, we have much archaelogical and anthropological evidence when looking at current hunter gatherer groups that gender division in labour was not implemented heavily until 5000 years ago.
Darren Bridge (1 month ago)
There's 30,000 of em at Stamford bridge!
Avenging Demon (1 month ago)
The women took over.
The portal (1 month ago)
I wanted to point out how stupid you sound. The Modern humans out hunted neanderthals yet neanderthals ate insects ? I know most of you play with the facts ......So desperate for clicks ! Please try to keep your story straight so it doesn't ruin the illusion for the rest of us !
R R (1 month ago)
I am glad that Neanderthals are not around today. They were cannibals, they ate each others and the last one died of indigestion.
.-. (1 month ago)
I didn’t know vsauce was British
jared craig (1 month ago)
I thought Neanderthals were ancient humans. They're another race?
Fulltronpet (1 month ago)
What are you talking about? They are still here. I know a couple of them at work.
Edward Foehring (1 month ago)
Could ya talk any faster !
dee76 (2 months ago)
If they died out it’s because they became democrats and used abortion.
Robert Staudenmaier (2 months ago)
Hey, Simon! Try talking a little faster. I almost understood three or four words.
UnderdogFL (2 months ago)
Racism. Pure and simple.
Shane Von Harten (2 months ago)
shorter and stockier than who, humans range of height is broad. We contain a small amount of neanderthal DNA across the planet to this day. We lived beside them and breed with them, they were humans with only normal variations no different than found today in people of different nationality. These so called experts can't see for looking.
Ben Klassen (2 months ago)
They couldn't compete with superiority and lost out, as Nature wishes.
Kinzie Burton (2 months ago)
They bred with sapiens end of story
spacecadet28 (2 months ago)
I heard one estimate their food requirements were much higher, being bulkier. That is a competitive disadvantage is many scenarios. Obviously humans had many advantages. Perhaps dogs, hunting that didn't involve wrestling animals, larger groups, exotic diseases, ...
Baby Keem (2 months ago)
The question is wear did they come from?
JOSEPH V JOSEPH (2 months ago)
We ate them ~ Anthony Hopkins, Westworld
Tammy C. (2 months ago)
So the idea of hunting with dogs who were still wolves is now being taken seriously. The dog/wolf divergence is at least 40,000 years old, in their DNA. Dogs started from a small group of wolves, likely scavengers. I'll bet somebody started it all with throwing nasty bits of food to wolf puppies who got ever closer, eating out of a human hand and losing all pride. I think the most basic human/ dog interaction is the game called "fetch". Cave man shoots a bird, with a bow and arrow. Proto Fido retrieves the game running up or down the steep hill, finding it with his nose, giving his pack leader first picking of its parts. If the dog doesn't bring it back intact, the caveman shoots and eats the dog. Neanderthal probably thought it was all beneath him, eating something a dog fetched, how ridiculous. Besides, he was busy dying of a new disease that he got from his captive human female.
theinsight two (2 months ago)
We ate them
Robert Hall (2 months ago)
John J. (2 months ago)
The unemployment ran out.
Todd Crispin (2 months ago)
They were right wing conservatives...
Shane Graham (2 months ago)
Can anyone picture a neanderthal wearing skinny jeans and a hipster hat? They may have been disappointed.
Shane Graham (2 months ago)
Can genetically the DNA from neanderthal be separated from the modern humans DNA and a 100% neanderthal be produced by cloning or other means?
Serpent Sepia (2 months ago)
Homo-Progressives will soon die off as they separate themselves from the stronger cultured and aggressively breeding human species.
James Renshaw (2 months ago)
I haven't watched the video yet, but my personal theory is they were mostly bred out of existence and are where blue eyes came from.
bot bot bot bot bot (2 months ago)
Hi Vsauce! Michael here
Ross Cronkhite (2 months ago)
Danny Vandrimini
Stephanie West (2 months ago)
But the Neanderthals are not completely extinct full blooded yes but it has been discovered that a lot of people actually have different percentages of Neanderthal DNA so I believe that humans did not kill off the Neanderthals at least not completely there was a lot of cross breeding
Cernunnos Wild (2 months ago)
Interesting to see how we have solid info about neanderthals (yet alot of people have posted untrue statements. That and have the wrong idea about hominid evolution). And it doesn't seem like many people even watched the program, before posting something. Just because you can say something, doesn't mean you should. Especially if it's completely wrong.
Nick H (2 months ago)
Resistance is futile.
Mentat (2 months ago)
Using "th" to represent the dental fricative is an English language typographic convention, required because English uses the Latin alphabet but contains some Greek words. In Greek the dental fricative is represented by the letter theta. Neanderthal comes from a German pastor called Joachim Neander and the old German word "Thal" meaning valley ("Tal" in modern German). In German "th" does NOT represent the dental fricative, so every occurrence of the word Neanderthal was mispronounced in the video.
Christian Faust (2 months ago)
Assimilated and then just plain outbread
Dan Zervos (2 months ago)
Based on Neandertal skulls, a newer theory has arisen. It is believed that Neandertals had voice boxes similar to other apes and human (homo sapiens) babies. Voice boxes that are incapable of speech - or at least very little speech. For modern humans the voice box migrates from being attached to the bottom of the skull to being located in the throat early in life. While this risks suffocation while eating it enables humans to have a large range of sounds we can produce. Simultaneously language evolved giving humans a gigantic evolutionary advantage over Neandertal - even though Neandertals were far stronger than humans, coordination in the hunt, battle, or any community effort would have been far more successful for those who can communicate. It has been asked, how can one even think without language.
Yorkshire Stuz (2 months ago)
LEFTY PROPAGANDA,do not watt!!!👎🏻
yootoob (2 months ago)
Pox did not kill 95% of natives. Lol.
Little Shepherd Farm (2 months ago)
The last explanation actually covers it best. They mixed with human women who liked big hairy men. Sounds like most of the American biker chicks. LOL Too dang funny!!! :)

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