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Best Theories About WHY the Neanderthals DIED OUT

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On average, Neanderthals were shorter than humans and they had a stockier build. They also had angled cheekbones, prominent brow ridges, and wide noses. Like humans, they used tools, controlled fire, and buried their dead. Also, while they are often depicted as dumb, savage brutes, researchers believe they were as intelligent as humans. →Subscribe for new videos every day! https://www.youtube.com/user/toptenznet?sub_confirmation=1 Help us translate our videos: https://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_queue?msg=10&tab=0 - Learn more why you might want to help: https://support.google.com/youtube/answer/6052538 Find more lists at: http://www.toptenz.net Entertaining and educational top 10 lists from TopTenzNet! Subscribe to our Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/TopTenz/ Business inquiries to [email protected] Other TopTenz Videos: Top 10 HORRIFYING Facts You Didn’t Know About KNIGHTS https://youtu.be/q1yvv9fHSw8?list=PLQ4d2-ByGhnKajPA6HFawry8Y3my_VX5Q Top 10 TERRIFYING Facts About MAORI WARRIORS https://youtu.be/V-5-1ffAe9w?list=PLQ4d2-ByGhnKajPA6HFawry8Y3my_VX5Q Text version: http://www.toptenz.net/10-theories-neanderthals-died.php Coming up: 10. We Were Better Hunters 9. Humans Violently Replaced Them 8. Volcanic Eruption 7. Humans Hunted With Wolves 6. We Had More Culture 5. The Division of Labor 4. Neanderthals Had Smaller Frontal Lobes 3. The Weather Change Changed Their Habitat 2. Disease Wiped Them Out 1. They Assimilated With Humans Source/Further reading: https://books.google.ca/books?id=daLLBgAAQBAJ&lpg=PA60&ots=8HG8ToQiIw&dq=humans%20better%20hunters%20than%20neanderthals&pg=PA60#v=onepage&q=humans%20better%20hunters%20than%20neanderthals&f=false http://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s40709-016-0054-7 https://www.theguardian.com/science/2013/jun/02/why-did-neanderthals-die-out https://www.theguardian.com/science/2015/mar/01/hunting-with-wolves-humans-conquered-the-world-neanderthal-evolution http://news.stanford.edu/2016/02/04/neanderthals-feldman-culture-0204/ https://www.theguardian.com/science/2010/dec/27/neanderthals-cooked-diet-us-research https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/03/130319093639.htm http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2004/02/0209_040209_neandertals.html https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20172660 https://genographic.nationalgeographic.com/neanderthal/
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Text Comments (1094)
Kinzie Burton (1 day ago)
They bred with sapiens end of story
spacecadet28 (4 days ago)
I heard one estimate their food requirements were much higher, being bulkier. That is a competitive disadvantage is many scenarios. Obviously humans had many advantages. Perhaps dogs, hunting that didn't involve wrestling animals, larger groups, exotic diseases, ...
Baby Keem (5 days ago)
The question is wear did they come from?
JOSEPH V JOSEPH (5 days ago)
We ate them ~ Anthony Hopkins, Westworld
Tammy C. (5 days ago)
So the idea of hunting with dogs who were still wolves is now being taken seriously. The dog/wolf divergence is at least 40,000 years old, in their DNA. Dogs started from a small group of wolves, likely scavengers. I'll bet somebody started it all with throwing nasty bits of food to wolf puppies who got ever closer, eating out of a human hand and losing all pride. I think the most basic human/ dog interaction is the game called "fetch". Cave man shoots a bird, with a bow and arrow. Proto Fido retrieves the game running up or down the steep hill, finding it with his nose, giving his pack leader first picking of its parts. If the dog doesn't bring it back intact, the caveman shoots and eats the dog. Neanderthal probably thought it was all beneath him, eating something a dog fetched, how ridiculous. Besides, he was busy dying of a new disease that he got from his captive human female.
theinsight two (10 days ago)
We ate them
Robert Hall (11 days ago)
John J. (15 days ago)
The unemployment ran out.
Todd Crispin (15 days ago)
They were right wing conservatives...
Shane Graham (15 days ago)
Can anyone picture a neanderthal wearing skinny jeans and a hipster hat? They may have been disappointed.
Shane Graham (15 days ago)
Can genetically the DNA from neanderthal be separated from the modern humans DNA and a 100% neanderthal be produced by cloning or other means?
Serpent Sepia (16 days ago)
Homo-Progressives will soon die off as they separate themselves from the stronger cultured and aggressively breeding human species.
James Renshaw (20 days ago)
I haven't watched the video yet, but my personal theory is they were mostly bred out of existence and are where blue eyes came from.
x2ThomasDaTrain :D (21 days ago)
Hi Vsauce! Michael here
Ross Cronkhite (21 days ago)
Danny Vandrimini
Stephanie West (23 days ago)
But the Neanderthals are not completely extinct full blooded yes but it has been discovered that a lot of people actually have different percentages of Neanderthal DNA so I believe that humans did not kill off the Neanderthals at least not completely there was a lot of cross breeding
Cernunnos Wild (23 days ago)
Interesting to see how we have solid info about neanderthals (yet alot of people have posted untrue statements. That and have the wrong idea about hominid evolution). And it doesn't seem like many people even watched the program, before posting something. Just because you can say something, doesn't mean you should. Especially if it's completely wrong.
Nick H (24 days ago)
Resistance is futile.
Mentat (25 days ago)
Using "th" to represent the dental fricative is an English language typographic convention, required because English uses the Latin alphabet but contains some Greek words. In Greek the dental fricative is represented by the letter theta. Neanderthal comes from a German pastor called Joachim Neander and the old German word "Thal" meaning valley ("Tal" in modern German). In German "th" does NOT represent the dental fricative, so every occurrence of the word Neanderthal was mispronounced in the video.
Christian Faust (25 days ago)
Assimilated and then just plain outbread
Dan Zervos (25 days ago)
Based on Neandertal skulls, a newer theory has arisen. It is believed that Neandertals had voice boxes similar to other apes and human (homo sapiens) babies. Voice boxes that are incapable of speech - or at least very little speech. For modern humans the voice box migrates from being attached to the bottom of the skull to being located in the throat early in life. While this risks suffocation while eating it enables humans to have a large range of sounds we can produce. Simultaneously language evolved giving humans a gigantic evolutionary advantage over Neandertal - even though Neandertals were far stronger than humans, coordination in the hunt, battle, or any community effort would have been far more successful for those who can communicate. It has been asked, how can one even think without language.
Yorkshire Stuz (26 days ago)
LEFTY PROPAGANDA,do not watt!!!👎🏻
yootoob (27 days ago)
Pox did not kill 95% of natives. Lol.
Little Shepherd Farm (27 days ago)
The last explanation actually covers it best. They mixed with human women who liked big hairy men. Sounds like most of the American biker chicks. LOL Too dang funny!!! :)
Khadijah Brown (28 days ago)
They didn't die out, they were blended into the dominant breed. The whole of human existence has been a Genetics Laboratory and the Technicians are not done yet, by any means.
Michael Neely (29 days ago)
They did not die out. Look at Rosie. The gross pig that Trump helped get off the air.
crewcutter2030 (30 days ago)
Just go to a public place with lots of people, i asure you, you will spot a neanthertal, theyre even people who their ancestors migh have interbred with horses.
Roxanne Taylor (1 month ago)
I also have a very simple theory, human babies have fontanels, you can see them on the human skull and not the neanderthal. That would have made human birth easier and allowed for the brain to grow more and adapt after birth. This could have also meant that Neanderthal women that had human babies were more likely to survive and have more babies. Therefore while all of the other things probably lead to Neanderthals decline they eventually assimilated because of the relative ease of birth.
DesiStuff (1 month ago)
If Neanderthals died out how is one hosting this video
kris wilkinson (1 month ago)
there is one more that should be on the list but isn't- a combination of all of these acting together. That i imagine is what killed them off as a seperate species. The climate changed, but during the ice ages there were several interglacial periods often lasting thousands of years in which the termperature warmed up and the climate changed, yet neanderthals survived those. but the stress that climate change put on them then came at the same time as the stress of homo sapiens arriving and their diseases.
John Schroeder (1 month ago)
The Neanderthal boarded their starships and traveled to the stars. They understood that we would eventually destroy the earth's ecosystem. They were too moral to wipe us out so they left.
Frank Frank (1 month ago)
Is Homo Erectus a gay person with a hard on?
Guata 08 (1 month ago)
We're the chimps and they were bonobos.
Arctic Owl (1 month ago)
Is this dude wearing a cardigan?
Username 4576 (1 month ago)
White people come from neanderthals of europe, while hue mans originated in africa
Username 4576 (1 month ago)
Sean MacGuire we are the Human species, they belong to the same genome, but they are not the same species. Just like a fox is a different species than a wolf
Sean MacGuire (1 month ago)
Username 4576 Neanderthals are humans, their just a different species of human
Taylor Day (1 month ago)
You contradicted yourself you said they didn't hunt they ate insects but then you said they were known to hunt big game animals
Kevin Barker (1 month ago)
As soon as I heard him say “Africur” he was immediately discredited. Herpes theory be damned.
Flournoy mason (1 month ago)
It's probably a combination of several if not all of these reasons.
Humans raped neanderthal women to such an extent that every neanderthal family had half human offsprings. Eventually, the true neanderthal died and only the half human half neanderthal was left. Humans again raped their women. This went on for generations until all neanderthals became humans.
Zach Chang (1 month ago)
Did neandrathal eat insects cause they enjoyed them or did they eat insects cause that's all humans left them
Wolfgang H (1 month ago)
It`s because of our current speies. The meanest of us grow orange hair and behavebabylike.
nacho libre (1 month ago)
Modern-day humans can hardly tolerate their next door neighbours. Now imagine what will happen if they meet some "inferior" Neanderthals occupying a piece of lush land. They were definitely "killed" by modern-day humans. With their more creative brain the Neanderthals were no match for Homo sapiens. They were simply pushed out of every piece of land Homo sapiens colonized/conquered. Until they were just gone. Most probably died from starvation. I think Homo sapiens was just better at large scale cooperation and out competed the Neanderthals at every level.
Hector Domino (1 month ago)
Neanderthals were not Human!!!??? Gosh Dang!
Stephanie West (23 days ago)
Different branch same tree
Alldab NoTea (1 month ago)
Ever been to Hawaii? They’re not gone... they’re all over the islands
John Miller Jr (1 month ago)
Humans didnt enslave other people because they were different. Humans enslaved other humans because they were weaker. Save your PC garbage and just tell it like it is.
J strap (1 month ago)
Well explained. Thank you
Bose de-Nage (1 month ago)
PLEASE TOP TENS: 'Differently to" NOT 'differently than' like some linguistically challenged American
Bose de-Nage (1 month ago)
They hybridised and evolved into White people...it's the same with dinosaurs not all dying out - they evolved into birds
New Dawn (1 month ago)
Your facts are incorrect, they didn't disappear they were absorbed by humans!!!
iamchillydogg (1 month ago)
It's #3 but a different reason. When the forest opened up the Neanderthal's thrusting spear ambush hunting technique became ineffective. On the other hand humans had the atlatl a projectile weapon. Bingo bango we thrived they died.
Whatj (1 month ago)
Tall not thall.
Walter Black (1 month ago)
Humans are Africans, Neanderthals were Europeans.
Jordan Cox (1 month ago)
And who’s the more successful of the two?
Sean MacGuire (1 month ago)
Walter Black They both came from Africa, but Homo Sapiens came later. By the way Neanderthals are human they're just a different species.
krrrruptidsoless (1 month ago)
Their DNA died off. Incest killed them Just like the human DNA is going to die off. Even with all the crossbreeding. Which in actuality, will cause it to happen faster. Just not as fast as incest
krrrruptidsoless (1 month ago)
They got unfriended and died. F🤬k neanderthals F🤬k Africa and their migration theory
Noah Count (1 month ago)
Cubic tons?  As opposed to linear tons, perhaps?  Absolute nonsense.
M PW (1 month ago)
I did not hear a single viable reason in this presentation. Neanderthals were docile and ate mainly insects was my favorite. Please do not call this philosophical deduction or the scientific method. It is neither. How far we have strayed...
Mike Hunt (1 month ago)
I’ve seen some white ppl get their DNA results here on YT and they’ll have a small amount of Neanderthal in them.. I’ve heard black ppl say that white ppl came from Neanderthals and that they’re the ONLY legitimate humans on this planet and we’re just a deformity. I mean, for ppl who are deformed.. we sure have made this world into something pretty amazing, eh? Some ppl on this planet have barely contributed at all ..
Capt'n Ron (1 month ago)
It's hard to bury debt nowadays
E N (1 month ago)
Description of blacks in video description
Nathan Hill (1 month ago)
Neanderthals are better than saipians
Chad Carter (1 month ago)
I have neanderthal dna in me ..it affects my genetics related to my hight
Flustrate 1 (1 month ago)
What about all of the above?
Hou'eiki Akoteu (1 month ago)
they just became Republicans
Sean MacGuire (1 month ago)
Hou'eiki Akoteu And Democrats. They're both downright stupid parties
Adventures of Kevo (1 month ago)
Why are they all white with all that African sunlight they hunted in.
Philip Hernandez (1 month ago)
9 bad Theory
Philip Hernandez (1 month ago)
Constant home invasions from immigrants.
Bernard F (1 month ago)
They must have opened their borders and the Africans overran them.
Mace Windu (1 month ago)
Hes everywhere
Nocturnal Recluse (1 month ago)
Because they couldn't adapt to humanities evil...the lesser of two Apex predators. That and we merged with their DNA.
Metadiscorse __ (1 month ago)
Neanderthals are a species of human, dude...
Matt S. (1 month ago)
Cause they were primitive and stupid like the Muslims of today
KaptainKpop (1 month ago)
Can some one educate me in what a the difference between a human and a Neanderthal because they are all humans right?
Sean MacGuire (1 month ago)
KaptainKpop Neanderthals are humans but they're a different species of human from you and I. Neanderthals are shorter and have a bulkier build than us Homo Sapiens. It's kinda like how both Lions and Tigers are cats but different species.
Jimmy Cranier (1 month ago)
They did not die out , you should see my feet.
havfunwithit (1 month ago)
They had this great ape leader Barack who gave them bad heath insurance.
garioldwin (1 month ago)
Neandertals were stronger then humans and it could be they mixed. It would explain why the strongest man on earth is always european or a white man with european roots.
project prodigy (1 month ago)
Neanderthal were super predators. They were powerfully built, and hairy with prominent brow ridges. Neanderthals were very chimp-like with barreled chests. This super predator was four times as strong as a man. Neanderthal kidnapped and raped homo sapiens women, which is why some humans have Neanderthal DNA. What contributed to their demise is they practiced cannibalism and inbreeding, which weakened Neanderthal populations. Disease also played a role as some human disease would have had devastating effects on Neanderthals.
Paul Tougher (2 months ago)
Does make sense about humans and wolves teaming up as I’m sure they did at one point in time seeing as my dog is laying right beside me right now
Paul Tougher (2 months ago)
Humans definitely brutally killed them.... assholes!
Paul Tougher (2 months ago)
How many YouTube channels you work for mr Simon whistler?
Kam .B (2 months ago)
goodshow man (2 months ago)
Watch the movie "Alpha" about Wolves
Caden Grace (2 months ago)
Natural selection.
nunya bidness (2 months ago)
They had Zika
Nicolette Jones (2 months ago)
Moral of the story. White people bad!😂
1987djm (2 months ago)
They just got pushed out in the end by not enough breeding amongst there own species ,so 100% neanderthals just became extinct and some Dna is left in humans ,the same will happen with native Americans and Aboriginals too ,its sad really!!.......wonder what will happen when we or some other species Evolves,if us humans will get pushed out too.
Bob Furr (2 months ago)
I like # 1.... add to that the fact that Neanderthals appeared to be better at smelling.... maybe human females simply smelled more interesting to neanderthal males.
theBatman (2 months ago)
This is so ridiculous, even more than the book (((them))) boyz wrote
explosiveCoconuts (2 months ago)
Heh Erectus
Robert Hofmann (2 months ago)
They currently believe the Homo erectus was our likely direct ancestor. Interestingly enough, they were still around when anatomically-modern humans and Neanderthals lived.
victor soto (2 months ago)
Another possible reason is that Neanderthals lived in small-family groups of 10-30 members. They lived separated by large distances and had trouble finding mates, so they constantly inbred with close relatives. In the long run, the mongrels they produced came down with deformities which could've shortened their lives. Also, it has been discovered by anthropologists that they were cannibalistic in times of hunger. This means that their numbers would also have decreased. Perhaps there were many reasons why they went extinct but put them all together and they had little chance of survival. It also means that they were NOT as intelligent than H. Sapiens.
Lora Vipperman (2 months ago)
Culture: pet rocks, sea monkeys, beanie babies, fidget spinners 😧so sad...😁
Raider Ryan (10 days ago)
Don't forget reality tv!
22steve5150 (2 months ago)
It's also worth noting that because they had both large high powered brains and very strong, robust bodies with higher muscle and bone density, their minimum required caloric intake per day would have been significantly higher than ours, making them fare worse in times of famine.
Wednesday's Child (2 months ago)
Neanderthals are still there, they are called Europeans. Narrator looks like he's about 10 percent neanderthal.
Sean MacGuire (1 month ago)
Europeans (along with East Asians) don't have more than 2% of neanderthal dna.
John & Jane Smith (2 months ago)
We took over their land and killed them. No mystery there.
Alen D (2 months ago)
We killed them off duh 🙄
Dismayven (2 months ago)
...because they talked smack to Chuck Norris, bad choice on their part....
Tara Echo Q (2 months ago)
They made a comeback in the form of Trump supporters! Hopefully, history will repeat itself and we can make them extinct.
Sean MacGuire (1 month ago)
Do you mean that anyone that disagrees with you politically is a Neanderthal?
marknsprmo (2 months ago)
What about the idea that maybe mostly interbred humans survived. Since all non Africans have neanderthal genes in them, maybe for some reason the genetic combination of homo/neanderthal people were fit species to survive whatever the conditions were and lived while completely neanderthals and most homo sapiens died out. The combination gave an advantage that caused both to die out. We just don't notice the homo sapiens being dead because they were replaced by the hybrid homo/neanderthal combination. I would doubt any one cause caused the decline of the neanderthal. Most likely it was a huge combination of many factors. But what remained was not purely homo sapiens either.
crystal apple (3 months ago)
We are all African
FanAdict477 (3 months ago)
I saw a Neandertal the other week, at the grocery store, he was buying milk. There is no "h", it's "nei-ander-tal" German for "never other vale".
armitius66 (3 months ago)
They did not die out. They just converted to Islam. The intellect hasn't improved, neither has the behavior.

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