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Top 10 Archaeological DISCOVERIES We STILL Don’t Understand

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When it comes to defining the world around us, we humans tend to think we’ve figured it all (well, most of it) out. Since the Enlightenment, the Scientific Method has reigned supreme in our quest for knowledge. Despite humanity’s social problems (murder rate and poverty anyone?), 21st century people think they’ve got the universe’s mysteries locked in pretty well. Technology! Math! We can solve anything! →Subscribe for new videos every day! https://www.youtube.com/user/toptenznet?sub_confirmation=1 → → GET A T-SHIRT - http://shop.spreadshirt.com/toptenz →Top 10 Objects That Were Clearly Invented Just to Annoy Physics: https://youtu.be/0MVGeRa-vLo →Simon's VLOG: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCvqt8j7DfPmveJp3UOk9XTg Entertaining and educational top 10 lists from TopTenzNet! Brand new videos 7 days a week! Videos are published at 6pm EST every day! Subscribe to our Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/TopTenz/ Other TopTenz Videos: Top 10 Controversial Moon Landing Facts https://youtu.be/Wau2yC-R8-Y?list=PLQ4d2-ByGhnKajPA6HFawry8Y3my_VX5Q Top 10 Planets That Could Potentially Sustain Life https://youtu.be/pKcorcybFME?list=PLQ4d2-ByGhnKNxJ-0WBuO_bl54ynbD6o- Text version: http://www.toptenz.net/top-10-archaeological-discoveries-we-still-dont-get.php Coming up: 10. The Voynich Manuscript 9. Stone Spheres of Costa Rica 8. Cocaine and Tobacco Residue On Mummies 7. Baltic Sea Anomaly 6. China’s First Emperor’s Pyramid and the Terra Cotta Army 5. Interlocking Stones as Puma Punku 4. Shroud of Turin 3. Great Pyramid of Giza 2. Stonehenge 1. Nazca Lines Source/Further reading: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voynich_manuscript http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stone_spheres_of_Costa_Rica http://www.scienceforums.com/topic/12436-tobacco-and-cocaine-in-egyptian-mummies/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baltic_Sea_anomaly http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mausoleum_of_the_First_Qin_Emperor http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pumapunku http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shroud_of_Turin http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Pyramid_of_Giza http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stonehenge http://www.unmuseum.org/nazca.htm
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Text Comments (480)
T. J. Payeur (7 hours ago)
Lamest tenz ever..old and very erroneous info...
Oleg Shore (2 days ago)
Puma Punku report is bogus. Most of the stones there are fairly soft, like red limestone. All the "granite and diorite" thing was made up by alien conspiracy advocates and is completely false.
somedeveloperblokey (7 days ago)
The Shroud of Turin is a proven fake, so why is it on your list Mr Whistler?
Jon Haugland (9 days ago)
In Regards to the Nazca Lines: *There ARE foothills nearby that could have assisted* the creation of the lines. But many seem TOO intricate for "pedestrian views" to be of any real assistance.
dbeezy (16 days ago)
There is nothing spectacular about stonehenge. It's just some rocks that they couldn't even get to stand up. But I guess Europe needs something like everyone else, but don't compare that rumble to other real monuments from around the world.
dbeezy (16 days ago)
It is kind of stupid to debate whether the Africans(Egyptians) or Europeans discovered the Americas, when the people who were there first actually discovered the land. And, Egypt is in Africa. Why compare a country to a continent. Stop being racist. I know you're not trying to, but you are doing it very successfully!
Matthew Cornish (22 days ago)
stonehenge is not a mystery...... its an observatory. it aligns with the sun during solstices. i thought that was fairly well known already
Bartlett 72 (27 days ago)
Ron Jeremy, anyone?
Amateur0Visionary (1 month ago)
Puma Punku is well pretty well understood. There are many unfinished stones in the site that demonstrate how they were made.
TheWhitefisher (1 month ago)
#7 is a geological formation not a geographical formation...
Stephon Taylor (1 month ago)
#5 completely untrue!!
yax itzy (1 month ago)
Hey Simon ! Your spreading false information the pumu rocks are not dierite.
winglessang31 (1 month ago)
Maybe advanced past civilizations had technology comparable to modern technology and obliterated themselves with it. Leaving no record. Something we’re well on our way to doing now.
Taqi Chauhan (1 month ago)
Number 10 is 30% decoded by Turks. Just type voyage manuscript reveal 2018.
muther1997 (1 month ago)
“Were gonna make a bunch of giant round stones” “Why” “Fuk with future people”
Harun Raffael (1 month ago)
Thank you. You have just succeeded in destroying every credibility in anything you have ever done. This is a random pile of stuff that quack researchers have babbled without any attempt at even superficial research. Here's some help: regarding nicotine in egyptian mummies - all museum objects in the world that are made from perishable materials and were collected before the 1940s are drenched in nicotine. Because museums deliberately drenched them in nicotine. Because all perishable museum objects are threatened by insect infestations (look up museum beetle) and until the 1940s nicotine was THE standard insecticide. While cocaine was found in the mummies in such tiny concentrations that in a police case it would not have been admitted in court as valid evidence. Beyond that: Puma Punku (a part of tiwanaku) has nothing whatever to do with the oldest monument in the Americas. Tiwanaku is very clearly dated to roughly the time of the Roman Empire. Everything you said about it is dirty hot air produced by the quacks. Congrats on wasting everybodys time and ruining your reputation.
Matthew Trzcinski (1 month ago)
The shroud is a type of woven fabric that wasn't developed until much later. Like, 12th century linen from France.
OmegaMan (1 month ago)
Can’t the nicotine and cocaine be left by tomb raiders and thieves?
Doctor Octagon (1 month ago)
5,3 & 1 are easily explained. 5 diorite can absolutely be cut without diamond and quite precisely. Watch the YouTube documentary “ancient aliens debunked” It explains that some say puma pucu isn’t understood but how they are lying and academics clearly know how it was made. Stone hammers that made it are still found there and half shaped stones can be found as well. The great pyramid can be explained near perfectly with the internal ramp theory. And I have no idea what the mystery or nasca is. They simply clearly the top soil to create pictures.
ohm state (1 month ago)
"Las Bolas" are natural concretetions that form in the ocean and later receding coastal zones over hundreds of thousands of years. It's a form of fossil from ancient sea life.
Scott Talken (2 months ago)
My list would not include hardly any of these. How could you not include Gobekli Tepe at least
Mr.SmithGNR Smith (2 months ago)
#7....yeah..that looks “natural “...smh..really man?
Caerlaverock Jaguar (2 months ago)
The interlocking stone buildings in South America are intriguing, but obviously, I want to know about Stonehenge and the Shroud.
Marco Steinke (3 months ago)
nr.10 is now revealed
Adam Ferrian (3 months ago)
Quit getting information from Ancient Aliens. Puma Punku is made with red sandstone and andocite which are both easily worked, and if you actually go there you'll see partially worked stones that make it clear how it was done.
timo rammy (3 months ago)
the nazca lines are clearly that art attck bloke on bbc we watched as a kid
Marc Colten (3 months ago)
We'll understand the Costa Rica spheres when they hatch but then IT WILL BE TOO LATE!!!
Charlie Cross (3 months ago)
Note to self gotta go to Costa Rica
Sophia Astatine (4 months ago)
Number five proves that Minecraft is real.
Philip Meers (4 months ago)
The Voynich manuscript has recently been translated by a Turkish family, who claim it is written in an ancient Turkish script.
jeepster4u2003 (4 months ago)
Stonehenge was supposed to have been re-constructed during the early part of the Twentieth Century. If this is correct, the configuration of the current version of Stonehenge could have more to do with ideas generated much later than the original.
23Prospero37 (4 months ago)
Prior to pesticides, many museums stored mummies in tobacco leaves because they had anti-pest properties
13ones Productions (5 months ago)
do a little research into puma and see that this guys gets his facts from Ancient Aliens
Cernunnos Wild (5 months ago)
Pumapunku building stones are made from red sandstone. Not granite or diorite. We know how they carved stones. Is this misinformation by "Ancient Aliens" show? Seriously. I looked it up. Even Wikipedia (which isn't reliable), stated this. As is the archeological survey.
John HUNTER (5 months ago)
Eight hundred tons per stone ... oh ... really?
DavidFMayerPhD (5 months ago)
There are MANY minerals harder than granite and diorite beside diamond.
WillN2Go1 (5 months ago)
Bunk. Something 'found' by one guy who's keeping it a secret is not archeology, or even interesting. The Shroud of Turin has long been debunked. Explaining away the carbon dating? "Interest of scientists and astrologers" Stonehenge: "Salisbury valley"? You're accent indicates you could've easily visited the site and seen that it isn't a valley, it's label on the Ordnance Survey maps and in everyday conversation as 'The Salisbury Plain.' You undermine every other video you make when you make this sort of junk promoting easily discredited nonsense.
imogenbegins (5 months ago)
Manuscript has been decoded; it's a genealogical text in ancient Turkish.
Alix Morelle (5 months ago)
On one of your other videos, about the Ancient Aliens show, you contradicted yourself about Puma Pinku(sorry for my spelling). Or it's the other way around. I mean, you are pretty much quoting that idiot on AA.
RBEO22 (5 months ago)
I can't explain it, therefor, aliens.
Harry Kier (5 months ago)
Your comments on the Shroud of Turin here severely compromise your credibility in my eyes. You must know that the shroud has been well and thoroughly debunked.
Michael Nager (5 months ago)
NONE of the building stones of Puma Punku were Diorite or Granite, they were and are Sandstone and Andesite. There is no mystery as to how the stones were worked because there are a number of unfinished stones lying around and also the tools used to work the stones have also been found lying around the site. I would ask you to stop just repeating the garbage of UFO nuts.
HungrySponge (6 months ago)
Love it , thanks Simon
Kirkkaan Oranssi (6 months ago)
And JRR Tolkien managed to create a language as well. The I in shi in Qinshi Huangdi is a ə, not an I.
Madlena Apen (6 months ago)
We have a lot of information and understanding about the pyramids as well. Not to mention that the workers were not slaves but were paid for their work.
Dave K (6 months ago)
It is also worth mentioning that Tolkien created a number of languages and sub languages as background information for the world of Middle Earth
JM1993951 (6 months ago)
The Shroud of Turin has been shown to be a fabrication by multiple experiments. At least in regard to religious claims.
Obsidian Dwarf (6 months ago)
That picture used for the pyramids bit... It looks amazingly like a picture from a magazine I used to get as a small boy, back in the sixties. World of Wonder was the mags name. Can anybody confirm or refute?
Daniel Pruitt (6 months ago)
But the theories about the pyramids are crazy huh? Hope this has got better research behind it
Wim De Gier (6 months ago)
nr 5, the stones are not made of granite but sandstone... they are much lighter then 800 ton and easier to be worked on. So there is no mystery there... Also you don't need diamond tools to work on granite as you can use sand to get the same results.
chrisserrific (6 months ago)
Dude, I'm sure the Coke and nicotine residue says a lot more about the egyptologists than the mummies. Like, my couch has nicotine residue, does my couch smoke?
26adex (6 months ago)
This round stones can also be a symbol of wealth, power or respect. The bigger a stone is, the more work you have to put in, and people all across the world, in all cultures show their wealth by paying for expensive stuff that they don't need, just because it's expensive. Literally, the bigger "Las Bolas" you had, the more respected you were.
micheal49 (7 months ago)
#8. Those mummies turned out to be modern fakes.
videokai (7 months ago)
#5 Is mine craft in real life; they dug deep enough and got diamonds😭
Ethan S (7 months ago)
Wow I’m glad I DISCOVERED this video
The Atlantean (7 months ago)
Nazca lines is #1?? Wtf! Gobekli tepe didn't even make the list?
Milton Hackett (8 months ago)
Love your sarcastic tone on the baltis sea . Why just yesterday I walked right by the exact looking " rock " !!! Idiot
El Èl (8 months ago)
Fail. Can't believe there are still people repeating Von Daniken falsehoods about diorite rocks at Pumu Punku 40 years later. Fyi... the interlocking blocks at Pumu punku were basalt and sandstone
Rick Jones (8 months ago)
Haven't you just stolen several other people's video ideas? I've seen all this so many times es before.
Bill Fox (8 months ago)
I thought that the Voynich manuscript had recently been partially translated by an East European as it is similar to some obscure dialect. With regard to the balls of Costa Rica, the Spanish seemed to have dome far more cultural destruction across the world than any other race, with the possible exception of moslems and Catholics in general. When the shroud of Turin was tested for Carbon 14, the threads tested were from a more recent repair, which offers the possibility that the shroud is much older then we think. The current positioning of the stones at Stonehenge may not be where they were originally situated as in the recorded past, all the stones were lying down. It was either a Victorian or Edwardian who had them erected where he thought they should be, and in the 1920s they were moved around. Interesting video but not your finest hour.
Searia Kett (8 months ago)
The Voynich Manuscript is actually written in a form of Turkish and is currently being decoded. I recently (2018) saw a documentary on it.
John Alot (8 months ago)
This is full of lies. I thought these "Top Tenz" series used the most recent research. Looks like they're using "Chariots of the Gods" to do their research.
gareth rees (8 months ago)
800 tonnes for the puma punks stones? Are you sure?
Fredrick Unverzagt (8 months ago)
Tolkien created several, mostly complete, languages.
Ashmeed Mohammed (8 months ago)
*cue crazy hair* ALIENS!
wil moreno (8 months ago)
And YES! There was contact between this continent and other. Weird that so many countries across the world all built pyramids that coincided with the same things?
wil moreno (8 months ago)
Simon, I respect you and the fact that you usually are on point about your facts. But it REALLY bothered me that you suggested that the Egyptians "discovered" the Americas. As an Indigenous person, let me say this, pretty sure we were here before that......
Viscera Trocar (9 months ago)
The shroud of turin has been carbon dated and has been proven fake. We also know how the pyramids were built.
ladycplum (9 months ago)
Antikythera Mechanism? Baghdad Battery? Piri Reis map?
person person (9 months ago)
Okay love you lists about history and ancient civilizations. I usually don't comment YouTube, but #7 on this list had my ears perked up. I don't believe in UFOs but nature doesn't usually carve 90 degree angles and straight edges, especially in details like that.
VforVivaci0us (6 months ago)
Actually, nature does that all the time. As an archaeologist who has worked in regions where sharp, straight angles and edges do occur naturally, I can tell you it makes our job harder sometimes, but a basic knowledge of the geology of the region usually clears things up pretty fast.
Pumpd_up_Kicks (9 months ago)
What a load of misinformation on many of these, im going to pick on pumapunku though, where did you get your facts for on this, ancient aliens? you present several of the falsehoods perpetuated by that show as if fact. stone tools were used to cut sand stone,there were no diamond tools. yes they are made of sandstone, and claiming it is one of the oldest ruins on Earth's surface? are you literally joking? Put down revisionist historical fiction like chariots of the gods and read a Wikipedia article on pumapunku and fact check the nonsensical, nonscientific nonsense you are subjecting your audience to
G N (9 months ago)
Clickbait! I'm disappointed with this channel. Voynich Manuscript: new languages can create a language,mJRR Tolkein created languages of the elves and dwarfs. The United Nations/League of Nations attempted a universal language. Stone spheres can be made and have been demonstrated by recent scientist Baltic Sea Anomaly claimer is doing what all scam artists do... Be vague and refusing to show physical proof. Puma Punku stones are made of red sandstone. Diamond tools were not needed. There were many stones on the quarry that were partially finished as further proof. Stonehenge was re-erected from 1901 through 1959 - concrete foundations were poured and modern cranes were used to repair fallen stones.
Alexander Bray (9 months ago)
Does sorta seem like your primary source for this is ancient aliens. At least for Puma punku and the Nazca lines.
Makubestu (9 months ago)
@TopTenz As of 2017 we've actually managed to determine the language of the voynich manuscript as being an custom form of Turkish based on spoken Turkish rather than written Turkish (which have numerous differences). With that knowledge scholars have managed to decipher some 200 words from the manuscript so far which is more than any other attempt made so far. I'll leave a link to a video that summarizes parts from a documentary covering of this recent discovery. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p6keMgLmFEk
BrianScott2133 (9 months ago)
The tobacco and cocaine was not a residue found on the mummies. It was found in the hair, skin and deep within the body which means they were actively using cocaine and tobacco on a regular basis while they were living. This also proves that some way they were communicating with the people of South America and trading with them which also explains similar stone work in both continents because whoever taught one culture most likely taught the other one. This also matches up with a hat was described in the story of Toth as he was the builder of the pyramids and the one who taught the ancient civilizations everything they knew. These civilizations also share the same similarities in architecture, sciences, art and so on.
melissa jackson (9 months ago)
There is not much that I would not give to have an understanding of the ancient minds that created things like these and so many other ancient wonders.
Dark Star (9 months ago)
Im not shore why you didnt mention it when talking about stonehenge as you described its layout. Believe it or not but a while ago between 60-100 years ago stonehenge was a heap of knocked over stones. When we found it we rearranged the stones to their own design.
segura2112 (10 months ago)
Puma Punku could bv as old as Go1bekli Tepe, 10000-12000 years old.
Ryan Schroeder (10 months ago)
You guys have been watching to much ancient aliens. The interlocking stones at Pumapunku are made of red sandstone.
Sam uelson (10 months ago)
Did something build a place or leave a space for such a thing to land?
lionn420 (10 months ago)
your puma punku information on the stones is incorrect......watch debunking ancient aliens (available on youtube) for the explanation.
Davin Chase (11 months ago)
#8 alos helps explain pyramids in both Africa and South America.
ZuluComander (11 months ago)
what about Göbekli Tepe?
garudagal23 (11 months ago)
This vid needs to be remade with updated info and without yul brynner from 10 commandments movie as the Chinese leader
Scott Duffy (11 months ago)
Stonehenge is fake
Old Brasso (1 year ago)
"geographically formed"? Erm.... do you mean geologically formed? And Puma Pinko? And Salisbury VALLEY?!!!! WTF!!. Is this a joke?
Two Rivers Folk (1 year ago)
Tobacco has natively existed in other parts of the world, such as Greece and Turkey.
Gabe Hall (1 year ago)
The Voynich manuscript looks to be in Hebrew or something. I know you said it is unknown, but can anyone else see Hebrew of some sort?
Chloe Stone (1 year ago)
When it comes to the cocaine on the mummies I'm going to say what if they had a coke party after they discovered the mummies and just assumed no one would ever find out.
Daniel de Solano (1 year ago)
The forgery theory about the Voynich manuscript is dismissed on the basis that Natural languages have a tendency to use shorter words more frequently. While artificial languages like klingon and elvish (quenya) do not follow this rule. As you can guess, the language used in the Voynich manuscript has the patterns a natural language would develop.
Spyin' Brian (1 year ago)
All I got to say about about number seven is straight lines are not found in nature.
Todd Welch (1 year ago)
What if the person that made the stone spheres was just some random guy and all he like doing was making spheres out of rock? That's no different than people who say they are artists today. Maybe it was just somebody that had a couple of marbles rolling around in this head and that's what he did? Hey? What's Tommy doing? Leave him alone it keeps him occupied.
michal nemet (1 year ago)
Puma Punku is made from red sandstone, do not listen to crazy people :P
NoCultist (1 year ago)
Proof of Voynich Manuscript being fake is that there is no a single sign of a mistake in written text. If it were to have any sense there would be at least small mistake corrected. No sense = no mistakes.
mowm88 (1 year ago)
ummmm no Easter Island?
Todd Rickey (1 year ago)
The stone spheres of basalt are products of erosion, with sedimentilogical caveats. Chunks of the lava rock broken by earthquakes are buried deeply in this seismically-active area. They are eroded, formed by upward displacement - whereby smaller rock clastic detritus fills in lower cavities during earthquakes. The net effect is to raise larger clasts, the boulders, preferentially. Of course the hard rock endures, while being shaped on all sides during seisms that persist over very deep time. The seismicity required is very long term, over geologic time scales. As the larger clastic detritus rises due to smaller clasts infilling beneath them, it is also scraped under very high pressure - at kilobar scales. Perhaps the erosive agent known as exfoliation may also play a role Radiometric dating of the spheres shall place their very ancient origin and therefore the depth of the basaltic material from whence derived, While mystery, as admired by Einstein, et al. remains a pervasive inspiration and more, the foregoing theory of the Mesoamerican stone spheres may burst that bubble.
Birichina XOX (1 year ago)
no easter island statues?
Marcelo (1 year ago)
Sorry the Granite and Diorite stonework is BS from low budget American media corporations. The locals were not stupid. The building stone is SANDSTONE and ANDESITE Please check your sources
I know all of them,
Tracy Dee (1 year ago)
sometimes the sarcasm gets a bit... belittling. You treat us like children. No longer subscribed.

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