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Top 10 Archaeological DISCOVERIES We STILL Don’t Understand

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When it comes to defining the world around us, we humans tend to think we’ve figured it all (well, most of it) out. Since the Enlightenment, the Scientific Method has reigned supreme in our quest for knowledge. Despite humanity’s social problems (murder rate and poverty anyone?), 21st century people think they’ve got the universe’s mysteries locked in pretty well. Technology! Math! We can solve anything! →Subscribe for new videos every day! https://www.youtube.com/user/toptenznet?sub_confirmation=1 → → GET A T-SHIRT - http://shop.spreadshirt.com/toptenz →Top 10 Objects That Were Clearly Invented Just to Annoy Physics: https://youtu.be/0MVGeRa-vLo →Simon's VLOG: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCvqt8j7DfPmveJp3UOk9XTg Entertaining and educational top 10 lists from TopTenzNet! Brand new videos 7 days a week! Videos are published at 6pm EST every day! Subscribe to our Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/TopTenz/ Other TopTenz Videos: Top 10 Controversial Moon Landing Facts https://youtu.be/Wau2yC-R8-Y?list=PLQ4d2-ByGhnKajPA6HFawry8Y3my_VX5Q Top 10 Planets That Could Potentially Sustain Life https://youtu.be/pKcorcybFME?list=PLQ4d2-ByGhnKNxJ-0WBuO_bl54ynbD6o- Text version: http://www.toptenz.net/top-10-archaeological-discoveries-we-still-dont-get.php Coming up: 10. The Voynich Manuscript 9. Stone Spheres of Costa Rica 8. Cocaine and Tobacco Residue On Mummies 7. Baltic Sea Anomaly 6. China’s First Emperor’s Pyramid and the Terra Cotta Army 5. Interlocking Stones as Puma Punku 4. Shroud of Turin 3. Great Pyramid of Giza 2. Stonehenge 1. Nazca Lines Source/Further reading: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voynich_manuscript http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stone_spheres_of_Costa_Rica http://www.scienceforums.com/topic/12436-tobacco-and-cocaine-in-egyptian-mummies/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baltic_Sea_anomaly http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mausoleum_of_the_First_Qin_Emperor http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pumapunku http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shroud_of_Turin http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Pyramid_of_Giza http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stonehenge http://www.unmuseum.org/nazca.htm
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Text Comments (528)
barbarossarotbart (1 day ago)
This video is not very well researched. Stonehenge, Nazca lines are not mysteries anymore. The theory mention here about the Shroud of Turin is utter nonsense which btw is never mentioned anywhere else.
Marilyn Matthews (2 days ago)
Well MAYBE if Spaniards hadn’t decide to commit genocide against the South American Natives, half of these mysteries would’ve been solved.
Mark Alibozek (9 days ago)
I think that subject matter such as these shouldn’t be used in these. There is way too much information left out that needs to be added. Perhaps a top ten for each one?
Philip Callicoat (27 days ago)
Dear Simon...The stones at Puma Punku are NOT granite. Nor are they diorite,(sorry Mr Von Braun)...They are made of red sandstone...Do please, stop passing on false "facts"...
Jon Haugland (27 days ago)
RE: 10. *The Voynich Manuscript:* The Book was *carbon-dated* to be from *1,500 - 1,600 A.D.* ALSO: *The Book has since been deciphered/translated...* 👍
Below Average Gaming (28 days ago)
The drawings of the animals in Peru are just the aliens telling people what they wanted for dinner that night.
Goatcha (1 month ago)
Seceral of those have explanations learned by experimental archaeology or just by the evidence, including Stonehenge, Giza and the Nazca Lines. Also why show a Pharoah's image for the Chinese Emperor? Honestly, there are hundreds of resl archaeological mysteries, should have gone for sone of them. Linear A for example.
Mrpunxs SEaZar (1 month ago)
The voynich manuscript was just written by a dude high on shrooms.. Done solved
Stefan Schleps (1 month ago)
Simon. I know the answer behind #9. And I have known of it for quite some time. If anyone wishs to know you contact me and ask me yourself. I will tell you. I am cerain I am correct. As long as this time. I get credit. Honestly this one is easy. Thanks Simon. Peace.
aspookyfox (1 month ago)
Tolkien could have deciphered the voynich manuscript
Bart Stewart (1 month ago)
There was a kind of breakthrough regarding the Voynich manuscript. A drawing of a castle in the book has similar architecture to certain castles in Italy. It is now thought that the book was from that part of the world and was an ancient hoax, done up to make the hoaxer seem like he had mystical powers.
beaney reakou (1 month ago)
What about the Auxm kingdom in Tigriay.
Eric Elkins (1 month ago)
Dude-that’s an astronaut-I don’t know of what origin but damn it that’s a damn being in a space suit-change my mind
hoghopper (1 month ago)
I thought this video was an April Fool's joke
Thomas Ewing (1 month ago)
The stone balls are likely of volcanic origin, not man-made.
kinthelt (1 month ago)
Antikythera Mechanism anyone???
shesaknitter (1 month ago)
They may have decoded the Voynich Manuscript, finally...https://au.news.yahoo.com/voynich-manuscript-from-15th-century-decoded-at-university-of-bristol-043504939.html
Eleni 1979 (1 month ago)
Apparently we know a lot more about the voynich manuscript, here recently. 😊
Pris0ner Gaming (1 month ago)
Puma Punku in order to make the cuts to the accuracy that is present in the stones we would need to use a CNC with is kind of like a computer-operated milling machine. We do not have a CNC large enough to accommodate the stones, nor are we capable of transporting the stones.
colin afobe (2 months ago)
what about top 10 biblical/christian delusion theories? so aliens, atlantis, ghosts, advanced civilizations are myths and laughing material and equal bs from the bible is unquestionable truth?
Michael Garth (2 months ago)
I think those mummys, where used for smuggling in modern times. They where shipped all over the world for different exhibits for years. That's my theory. Cheers
Catriona Imray (2 months ago)
Just a point of geology; granite and diorite are NOT minerals, they are rocks made of minerals, primarily quartz... and quartz has a hardness of 7, and can be cut by several minerals including conundrum (rubies)
Catriona Imray (2 months ago)
Stupid autocorrect... corundum
jutub akount (2 months ago)
Yeah im kinda dissapointed that you're just repeating ancient aliens theories about puma punku...a simple google search will prove that what you said is not true.
wildcatter63 (2 months ago)
The nazca lines are visible from the surrounding hills. They could easily have been laid out using string and sticks and they are probably mandalas similar to the paths that Buddhists use for walking meditation...
Kaz Zaidi (2 months ago)
Strangely enough, I am also known locally as Las Bolas.
Kraniumbrud (2 months ago)
in 1988 the shroud of turin was dated to 1260–1390 AD... sooo mayby actually read research before making a list?
David Jarkeld (2 months ago)
Full of incorrect information, sensationalise bollocks!
Cicki Hasselblad (2 months ago)
Voynich manuscript has been decoded. It was found to be ancient Turkish.
landeus (2 months ago)
The stones of Puma Punku are made of red sandstone... not granite. Two majorly different types of rock with huge differences. You could probably inscribe your name with a butter knife or dislodge a grain with a toenail clipping. 😂 No alien laser beams required. They are amazing, but so is human ingenuity. Just like the pyramids of giza. We humans are quite resourceful critters.
chief lucifer74 (2 months ago)
everyone new about the americas before europe. europe was the last to discover them. europeans have very high opinion of themselves today so they like to believe that the rest of the world was sitting around waiting for them to create& discover everything.
Vickie Vegas (2 months ago)
Puma punchu has an other quart 55 miles away over lake titticaca. They used reed boats to carry the 5 ton blocks of rocks back to thnatuku or however you spell it. Josh Gates taught me that. Destination unknown. Please Simon don’t mock him I hold you both in high regard. 😁😄😃😳🙄
Vickie Vegas (2 months ago)
Quarry danger spell correct!
Electric Blue (2 months ago)
As far as Puma punku is concerned your facts are way off British man with facts and glasses
Jessica Sparkle (3 months ago)
This is the only video I feel he should take down. It’s not correct.
love child 69 (3 months ago)
Alright, Simon. Marijuana originated in India. The Romans smoked. Stop with the faux pas!!!!
Adam Ferrian (3 months ago)
Quit getting your facts from Ancient Aliens. Lol
Earle Frost (3 months ago)
Shroud of Turin??? REALLLY???? Sigh....
Earle Frost (3 months ago)
The Voynich Manuscript is probably the best example of trolling EVER!!
Allison (3 months ago)
I thought Gobekli Tepe would make this list.
Akkar_Unbekannt (3 months ago)
Once I hear archeologists say it is impossible for humans from the past to do architecture, I feel like they only read books and have not use skills with their hands while using their head to be creative.
Wheels Lifts (3 months ago)
Archaeologists discovered bodies buried at Stonehenge so it's probably just a graveyard of some sort.
Picketty Witch (3 months ago)
“Anthrospeak for i don’t know”
bart bartels (3 months ago)
Nr 10 is a old Turkish language. It's about medicine and more
Picketty Witch (3 months ago)
bart bartels it would have been translated if that was the case,the writing is not related to any known language in use or dead... wish that you were right so much Bart 👌🏻
Oy voynich
Nello Jennings (4 months ago)
Nine is easy. Clearly they were brought there for use as atlas stones in early strongman competitions. ;)
Picketty Witch (3 months ago)
Now that makes sense 👍🏻
KIC 7766 (4 months ago)
All interesting finds but, a repeat of popular vids all over you tube
Phil Chia (4 months ago)
Wasnt Turin a fake?
Joshua Sweetvale (4 months ago)
My theory on the Voynih manuscript, and I got this from somewhere else: It's an ancient DnD Monster Manual. A storyteller's idea book. Coded so people couldn't cheat.
Furor Frisii (4 months ago)
The shroud. Wasn't that proven over and over to be made somewhere in the 1400's? ANd were there not multiple ways to archieve such a 'face' on fabric, using old techniques? As fake as that spear point? But hey-one who 'believes' does not need 'evidence'. That would make it 'science', after all.
Jonathan Berumen (4 months ago)
I really enjoy your videos usually but please in the future keep any ancient alien BS scrap from even being mentioned in your videos and I will be a lifelong subscriber. In fact just please be a little more skeptical in general a lot of this stuff makes you look a little more naive and gullible than I know you truly are. You're a smart guy and I've heard you talk a lot of sense before. You are better than this. Sorry for the negative tone in this comment but I do enjoy your videos and hope you all the success in the world.
errorist68 (4 months ago)
Shroud of Turin...??? 12th or 13th C. AD. No mystery there....stopped watching this film right there
T. J. Payeur (5 months ago)
Lamest tenz ever..old and very erroneous info...
Oleg Shore (5 months ago)
Puma Punku report is bogus. Most of the stones there are fairly soft, like red limestone. All the "granite and diorite" thing was made up by alien conspiracy advocates and is completely false.
somedeveloperblokey (5 months ago)
The Shroud of Turin is a proven fake, so why is it on your list Mr Whistler?
Jon Haugland (5 months ago)
In Regards to the Nazca Lines: *There ARE foothills nearby that could have assisted* the creation of the lines. But many seem TOO intricate for "pedestrian views" to be of any real assistance.
dbeezy (5 months ago)
There is nothing spectacular about stonehenge. It's just some rocks that they couldn't even get to stand up. But I guess Europe needs something like everyone else, but don't compare that rumble to other real monuments from around the world.
dbeezy (5 months ago)
It is kind of stupid to debate whether the Africans(Egyptians) or Europeans discovered the Americas, when the people who were there first actually discovered the land. And, Egypt is in Africa. Why compare a country to a continent. Stop being racist. I know you're not trying to, but you are doing it very successfully!
Matthew Cornish (5 months ago)
stonehenge is not a mystery...... its an observatory. it aligns with the sun during solstices. i thought that was fairly well known already
Bartlett 72 (5 months ago)
Ron Jeremy, anyone?
Amateur0Visionary (6 months ago)
Puma Punku is well pretty well understood. There are many unfinished stones in the site that demonstrate how they were made.
TheWhitefisher (6 months ago)
#7 is a geological formation not a geographical formation...
Stephon Taylor (6 months ago)
#5 completely untrue!!
yax itzy (6 months ago)
Hey Simon ! Your spreading false information the pumu rocks are not dierite.
winglessang31 (6 months ago)
Maybe advanced past civilizations had technology comparable to modern technology and obliterated themselves with it. Leaving no record. Something we’re well on our way to doing now.
Taqi Chauhan (6 months ago)
Number 10 is 30% decoded by Turks. Just type voyage manuscript reveal 2018.
muther1997 (6 months ago)
“Were gonna make a bunch of giant round stones” “Why” “Fuk with future people”
Harun Raffael (6 months ago)
Thank you. You have just succeeded in destroying every credibility in anything you have ever done. This is a random pile of stuff that quack researchers have babbled without any attempt at even superficial research. Here's some help: regarding nicotine in egyptian mummies - all museum objects in the world that are made from perishable materials and were collected before the 1940s are drenched in nicotine. Because museums deliberately drenched them in nicotine. Because all perishable museum objects are threatened by insect infestations (look up museum beetle) and until the 1940s nicotine was THE standard insecticide. While cocaine was found in the mummies in such tiny concentrations that in a police case it would not have been admitted in court as valid evidence. Beyond that: Puma Punku (a part of tiwanaku) has nothing whatever to do with the oldest monument in the Americas. Tiwanaku is very clearly dated to roughly the time of the Roman Empire. Everything you said about it is dirty hot air produced by the quacks. Congrats on wasting everybodys time and ruining your reputation.
Matthew Trzcinski (6 months ago)
The shroud is a type of woven fabric that wasn't developed until much later. Like, 12th century linen from France.
OmegaMan (6 months ago)
Can’t the nicotine and cocaine be left by tomb raiders and thieves?
Doctor Octagon (6 months ago)
5,3 & 1 are easily explained. 5 diorite can absolutely be cut without diamond and quite precisely. Watch the YouTube documentary “ancient aliens debunked” It explains that some say puma pucu isn’t understood but how they are lying and academics clearly know how it was made. Stone hammers that made it are still found there and half shaped stones can be found as well. The great pyramid can be explained near perfectly with the internal ramp theory. And I have no idea what the mystery or nasca is. They simply clearly the top soil to create pictures.
Over Dripp (6 months ago)
"Las Bolas" are natural concretetions that form in the ocean and later receding coastal zones over hundreds of thousands of years. It's a form of fossil from ancient sea life.
Scott Talken (7 months ago)
My list would not include hardly any of these. How could you not include Gobekli Tepe at least
Mr.SmithGNR Smith (7 months ago)
#7....yeah..that looks “natural “...smh..really man?
Caerlaverock Jaguar (7 months ago)
The interlocking stone buildings in South America are intriguing, but obviously, I want to know about Stonehenge and the Shroud.
Marco Steinke (8 months ago)
nr.10 is now revealed
Adam Ferrian (8 months ago)
Quit getting information from Ancient Aliens. Puma Punku is made with red sandstone and andocite which are both easily worked, and if you actually go there you'll see partially worked stones that make it clear how it was done.
timo rammy (8 months ago)
the nazca lines are clearly that art attck bloke on bbc we watched as a kid
Marc Colten (8 months ago)
We'll understand the Costa Rica spheres when they hatch but then IT WILL BE TOO LATE!!!
Charlie Cross (8 months ago)
Note to self gotta go to Costa Rica
Sophia Astatine (9 months ago)
Number five proves that Minecraft is real.
Philip Meers (9 months ago)
The Voynich manuscript has recently been translated by a Turkish family, who claim it is written in an ancient Turkish script.
jeepster4u2003 (9 months ago)
Stonehenge was supposed to have been re-constructed during the early part of the Twentieth Century. If this is correct, the configuration of the current version of Stonehenge could have more to do with ideas generated much later than the original.
23Prospero37 (10 months ago)
Prior to pesticides, many museums stored mummies in tobacco leaves because they had anti-pest properties
13ones Productions (10 months ago)
do a little research into puma and see that this guys gets his facts from Ancient Aliens
Cernunnos Wild (10 months ago)
Pumapunku building stones are made from red sandstone. Not granite or diorite. We know how they carved stones. Is this misinformation by "Ancient Aliens" show? Seriously. I looked it up. Even Wikipedia (which isn't reliable), stated this. As is the archeological survey.
John HUNTER (10 months ago)
Eight hundred tons per stone ... oh ... really?
DavidFMayerPhD (10 months ago)
There are MANY minerals harder than granite and diorite beside diamond.
WillN2Go1 (10 months ago)
Bunk. Something 'found' by one guy who's keeping it a secret is not archeology, or even interesting. The Shroud of Turin has long been debunked. Explaining away the carbon dating? "Interest of scientists and astrologers" Stonehenge: "Salisbury valley"? You're accent indicates you could've easily visited the site and seen that it isn't a valley, it's label on the Ordnance Survey maps and in everyday conversation as 'The Salisbury Plain.' You undermine every other video you make when you make this sort of junk promoting easily discredited nonsense.
imogenbegins (10 months ago)
Manuscript has been decoded; it's a genealogical text in ancient Turkish.
Alix Morelle (10 months ago)
On one of your other videos, about the Ancient Aliens show, you contradicted yourself about Puma Pinku(sorry for my spelling). Or it's the other way around. I mean, you are pretty much quoting that idiot on AA.
RBEO22 (10 months ago)
I can't explain it, therefor, aliens.
Harry Kier (10 months ago)
Your comments on the Shroud of Turin here severely compromise your credibility in my eyes. You must know that the shroud has been well and thoroughly debunked.
Michael Nager (11 months ago)
NONE of the building stones of Puma Punku were Diorite or Granite, they were and are Sandstone and Andesite. There is no mystery as to how the stones were worked because there are a number of unfinished stones lying around and also the tools used to work the stones have also been found lying around the site. I would ask you to stop just repeating the garbage of UFO nuts.
HungrySponge (11 months ago)
Love it , thanks Simon
Kirkkaan Oranssi (11 months ago)
And JRR Tolkien managed to create a language as well. The I in shi in Qinshi Huangdi is a ə, not an I.
Madlena Apen (11 months ago)
We have a lot of information and understanding about the pyramids as well. Not to mention that the workers were not slaves but were paid for their work.
Dave K (11 months ago)
It is also worth mentioning that Tolkien created a number of languages and sub languages as background information for the world of Middle Earth
JM1993951 (11 months ago)
The Shroud of Turin has been shown to be a fabrication by multiple experiments. At least in regard to religious claims.
Obsidian Dwarf (11 months ago)
That picture used for the pyramids bit... It looks amazingly like a picture from a magazine I used to get as a small boy, back in the sixties. World of Wonder was the mags name. Can anybody confirm or refute?
Daniel Pruitt (11 months ago)
But the theories about the pyramids are crazy huh? Hope this has got better research behind it
Wim De Gier (11 months ago)
nr 5, the stones are not made of granite but sandstone... they are much lighter then 800 ton and easier to be worked on. So there is no mystery there... Also you don't need diamond tools to work on granite as you can use sand to get the same results.

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