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Text version: https://www.toptenz.net/10-incredible-facts-about-the-incas.php
10. The Ancient Inca’s Bodies Evolved To Adapt To Extremely High Altitude
9. They Built Earthquake-Resistant Buildings, Some Of Which Still Mostly Stand Today
8. The Incas Performed Human Sacrifices On Both Adults And Children
7. The Emperor’s New Groove Is A Disney Depiction Of The Ancient Incas
6. The Incas Were A Powerful Society That Conquered Many Peoples
5. Some Inca Nobles Were Allowed To Have Multiple Wives If They Wished
4. The Leaders Attempted To Bring Everyone Under Inti, The Sun God
3. Like The Romans, They Were Known For Borrowing From Conquered Peoples
2. Your Clothing Was Based On Social Standing, and the Emperor Only Wore Clothes Once
1. Like Many In The Americas, Disease Was The True Cause Of Their Downfall
Would the Spainish have won even without the plagues? ProbabIy. A load canister from a cannon is fairly effective at stopping a human wave attack even back then. The tech advantage for the Spainish wasn't so much that they had guns and gunpwder and the Inca bows & arrows, swords and spears, the harquebus were frankly crap as a weapon, and the Spanish were armed with similar weapoins. It was the Spainish sword and armor tech was far better. Armored up the Spanish were basically invulnerable to Inca weapons. So much so that the Spainish decided full armor was excessive for the conflict and chain mail was sufficent protection against the Inca weapons. The Incas were also in the middle of a civil war when the Spanish arrived so the Inca Empire wasn't the socialist Utopia you painted it out to be. Put down the koolaid.
You forgot the part about the Inca Starting the Tupac Shakur Clothing line. Circa 1463 AD/CE
(Shoaty Mummy had the banging dreads and everything. OGG(h)G: Original Gangta Gangsta (head)Gear)
DNA Material Genetically Adapted: Too High, Too Soon, Tupac . (TM)
Vegan dyed, Cruelty-free, gluten-free, Paleo-Amazonian, biodegradable, eco-friendly, socialy conscious Inca, ho cloth.
#2. Hand-me-down crowns.
#1. It was only a small pox.
Request for a video one 10 facts about USS Constitution I can name two she is the oldest commissioned war ship still afloat HMS Victory lost that when she was permanently dry docked and she is the only ship of state in the world
'Ideal socialist society' one that involved three separate classes, different rules for each and where those at the bottom did all the work while those at the top took all the rewards! Not to mention their predilection for human sacrifice.
Doesn't sound very socialist (in theory anyway) but it does sound like pretty much every socialist society in practice.
In fact there was more to it than just the epidemics, there was a civil war, so the empire was divided, and the minorities conquered although had food and clothes as the video said were not really ok with being part of the empire, so they helped the spanish thinking they could free them.
In fact the spanish won because they knew how to manipulate the situation to their favor. And I guess luck because they arrived exactly at the moment where the empire was in total chaos.
English is not my mother language so pardon my grammar...
Some people say that the defining technology of the Euroepans wasn't guns (invented by china) but sailing and the will to explore (the Chinese ceased exploring at an important point in their history). It allowed Europeans to acquire many technologies and conquests.
The Europeans didn't have total resistance to diseases such as Smallpox they had a best some resistance to it and thus more Europeans survived the diseases than North and South Americans who had none at all. A factor in the survival of more Europeans is that the diseases had ravaged Europe for centuries so only the part of the population with some genetic resistance survived. Since the native peoples of North and South America had never been exposed to the diseases before they had very little genetic exposure and the diseases killed more of them. However, some of the natives did survive through blind luck so while some historians believe that European diseases killed up to 90% of the native population some did survive.
You forgot to mention that one reason the Inca Empire fell is because in the years before the Spanish invasion the Inca was involved in a civil war and members of the losing side assisted the Spanish invasion. Also, before the Spanish arrived their diseases such as Smallpox and others made their way into the Inca Empire and killed quite a large part of the population.
What Simon forgot to mentioned is the Spanish were riding on horses which enabled them to move much quicker than man on foot. The horses gave the Spanish a very distinct advantage over 90% of the native Americans.
Another few facts for anyone interested
Like ancient Romans the Inca would first offer people the chance to join the empire before resorting to violence though where this was more symbolic for the Romans, the Inca were serious. They'd show up with a massive army and if the locals agreed which they many times did, the Inca would send officials and engineers to asses the area and construct new roads, farms, and warehouses.
The Incas also would freeze dry their food to have it last. Using the below zero temperatures at night they would freeze dry potatoes and meats and then store them as a safe guard against bad harvests and famines. This is also where we get Jerky from, the Incas called it "ch'arki"
During the Spanish invasions the Inca were incredibly adaptable to the invaders' tactics. Despite never seeing horses before they quickly learned not only to avoid direct battles on open fields, they began wining key battles with ambushes and even developed a cavalry core based entirely on horses captured in these ambushes.
lots of interesting stuff... that I can only watch once in a while. If I watch more than one episode I get really annoyed by Simon's speech rhytm, so to speak. Those weird pauses with loud inhaling are the whole problem.
Although the information is very accurate, you use several times images of Mesoamerican pyramids paired with text which leads to believe the Incas built pyramids. This was absolutely not the case. Pyramids were built by the Mesoamericans civilizations (Mayans, Aztecs, Lencas etc.), but this structures were never adopted by the Incas
They had weavers, goldsmiths, jewellers, and all kind of specialezed crafters who didn't work for themselves, but they would give their production to a central goverment that would administrate among everyone. Except for their class system, all sounds pretty socialist for me
Describe an ancient culture as “socialist”, despite the fact that it was really a “palace economy” much like what existed for centuries around the Mediterranean , and watch the Murkuns come out of the woodwork to sneer at socialism. I suppose they have to have something to do while they’re breastfeeding their guns, dying from the diseases they can’t afford to get treatment for, and pretending they’re better off than the rest of us. Lol
If i remember correctly, the Inca had not discovered how to smelt iron at the time of contact with the Europeans. Even if the guns were not a massive advantage, though they would probably fare better against Inca armor than arrows would, the advantage of steel armor and weapons against wood, bronze, and obsidian would be fairly extreme. But even with the technological disadvantages, as with native north Americans, they would have had a fighting chance if it were not for the diseases.
Mohammed Monkey Scrotum fair point, though general Quizo established a strategy to combat the cavalry and armour of the Spaniards. Regretfully, bad leadership from Manco Inca made sure he died and his strategy could not be used anymore against the Spanish savages
...or it could have been unfair because wives were treated like property instead of people, and also because wives could not have multiple spouses like their husbands could. This is not just a peasant/noble issue, it's a gender issue. You should have acknowledged that.
You forgot to mention that the actual Inca numbers were only in the thousands and that the Spaniards made allies with conquered peoples looking to cut ties with their former empires. This was quite possibly due to lingering resentment or a more pragmatic approach of siding with a group that seemed stronger.
1 leads to an interesting alternate history scenario, if the Norse had stayed a bit longer in North America, their diseases could have spread through the Americas, reaching the Incas. By the time the Spanish arrived they could have built up resistance of their own, and perhaps repelled the invaders, or at least held on to their culture post conquest and achieved independence later. (as India managed with the British)
The Incas building those "huge stone structures" is a point of contention. The oral tradition says the Incas didn't build the large stone structures, they were already there, but they built on top of them. The difference in stone, and craftsmanship quality from the lower, and upper parts of the structures seems to support this.
Yes, in fact all ancient constructions here are build over another more ancient structure, so there was a culture that made an edification, but years later another culture conquered them and to show that, they build another building over that edification, then years later appears another culture and repeats, people often know only Incas, but here we had a lot of cultures, so the incas only were the most recent, curiously after the spanish conquered them they build their temples over the same edifications all the other cultures did.
Simon, I’m a bit surprised by the largely uncritical and shallow analysis. Not your usual fair.
No society is this clean and wonderful. The imposition of Inti and a well-oiled machine for conquest and centralized rule indicate a militaristic society that was adept at enforcing submission and compliance.
The problem with the paucity of written records and evidence in regard to the Inca and other similarly-situated societies is so-called historians impose their own value-sets on what is, effectively, a blank canvas. Rarely do these ‘historians’ care for their actual subject matter, than they do in abusing it to prove a contemporary point—which as an historian I find quite contemptible. This happened to the Maya, for example, before their writing systems were deciphered and something very different to historians’ various utopias emerged from the shadows.
I believe that these unreliable histories unduly colored this Top Tenz article. The Inca were complex and achieved great things. But a peaceful socialist utopia they were not.
Wait, what? What do you mean he could only ever wear them once? Do you mean he had a new suit of clothes every day? Or do you mean he he was always naked except on the one day he got to wear the most magnificent suit ever? You need to be more clear here, or at least expand on your thesis. You can't just drop a bomb like that and then pretend you never said it. What did that mean? What clothes were they? Why only once? Come on, that was terrible.
Ethnic cleansing in South América by spanish! Spanish inquisition and holocaust in South América! Inca Empire from " Colômbia to Chile" divided by and between white spanish minority, who still the bosses... Nobody care because they are not British, Israeli , South Áfricans or Americans! Quéchua language and Nation still divided and killed! 😠Where's the liberals and leftists??? Amerindians are not arabic or islâmics and they don't have Petrodolares!😠TUPAC AMARU forever!👍🇵🇹🇵🇹🇵
Ethnic cleansing in South América by spanish! Spanish inquisition and holocaust in South América! Inca Empire from " Colômbia to Chile" divided by and between white spanish minority, who still the bosses... Nobody care because they are not British, Israeli , South Áfricans or Americans! Quéchua language and Nation still divided and killed! 😠Where's the liberals and leftists??? Amerindians are not arabic or islâmics and they don't have Petrodolares!😠TUPAC AMARU forever!👍🇵🇹🇵🇹🇵🇹
I've been to an Inca town higher than Cuzco. As a person who never lived more than 60 feet above sea level, it took my breath away after I had been there a day and a half. Luckily I was able to recover thanks to a local remedy, a rolled coca leaf wrapped around a small amount of clay mixed with reduced limestone.
it wasn't guns but armour that were the technological advantage. the central and south american peoples had only basic metallurgy and thus their weapons were tipped with bronze or stone, which had no hope of dealing damage to an invader armoured in steel.
He is calling them nobles and peasants for simplicitys sake but it's really royal family/their advisors (government) and general population. It was confusing to me too they way he worded everything, saying that we had no money yet some people were richer than others.
Matt Dougherty Socialism has existed for a long, long time.
Marxism not so much, though.
No point in doing such a video, too easy.
Russia, Mongolia, Ukraine, Germany, UK, China, Korea, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia
Even the most modern example of Venezuela.
Socialism sucks but people like it
Neither the Incas or Aztecs lost a battle against the Spanish until the plagues wiped out the majority of them. Even then the Spanish had trouble taking the natives cities and st least one was taken by betrayal and deception. They promised to spare the people if let in but reneged.
The Mapuche actually held the Spanish at bay for a couple of centuries, Tawantinsuyu lost because their monarch wasn't interested in another costly war while the economy was ruled by chaos due to all the epidemics.
The Incas didn't build the megalithic structures. Those are from times well before the Incas arrived. Look at the bases of the structures, then at the crude bricks built upon them. Randall Carlson is my reference. Look him up in YouTube. His knowledge of such things is credible.
This was all wonderful until you said that the Spaniard's guns weren't up to par with bows & arrows. The advent of gunpowder weapons WAS quite the leap in technology. Don't forget they also had cannons, horses, & the best steel in the world which they used in their armor (for man & horse) & their swords & pikes.
I don't care how many cloth wearing, obsidian weapon wielding people there are.......as soon as that battle begins they will be massacred. Or they'll be the ones to tuck tail & run.
+Jeff Jacob yes, they did, along with most of the neighbouring peoples, especially their Mapuche enemies. The core units of the inca army used bronze axes, pikes and halberds as weapons, something the spaniards were impressed about. They even adapted their pikes to something that closely matched those of the conquistadors, and quickly learned to defend against cavalry, thus making it unpractical for Pizarro's horsemen to directly charge against them, as they would always put their pikemen in the frontline.
For all of that, the incas are known for having the most versatile military of the americas at that time. The later rebellion led by Manco Inca Yupanqui took less than 20 years to catch up with spanish technology and present a real threat to the colonization. By this time, it was a common thing to see inca warriors riding on horses, wearing steel armor and fighting with european swords and arquebuses. Crazy, but true.
+Jeff Jacob it was bronze vs bronze at most, with some steel and gunpowder added to the mix. Those who went head-to-head with the incas, most of the times, were their old enemies. The spanish would shoot from a safe distance (not wasting too much of their ammunition), and them chase after them with cavalry when their native allies finished the main job. This is how battles actually went out in the american continent during the conquest period, not how movies portray them.
+Jeff Jacob who won that war? Well, the enemies of the Incas a.k.a the Chacapoyas, Huancas and Cañaris, who joined the Spaniards thinking they would benefit from it.
Look, I'm not saying superior weapons weren't important, but the key element in the spanish conquest of the Inca Empire was the division in the empire itself. By the time Francisco Pizarro came in, two kings (Atahualpa and Huáscar) had just fought each other in a civil war, in which Atahualpa won, thus causing Huáscar's supporters denying to give him any help in his subsequent war with the conquistadors, and even supporting them along with other groups. Yet, there was some formidable resistance from the incas, with some of them even capturing spanish weapons and armor and using against them.
I was gonna say something but Brendan already got it right.
Communist isnt quite right, and you cannot blame Simon for such a statement. Feudalism is just so confusing and unnecessarily complicated it fuses itself with things like Capitalism, Communism and everything in between, or at least it makes it look that way
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