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Text version: https://www.toptenz.net/10-epic-enemies-of-ancient-rome.php
10. King Pyrrhus
6. Queen Boudica
5. King Shapur I
3. Attila the Hun
2. King Alaric
1. Hannibal Barca
I hate that Scipio Africanus is never more than a foot note. At Zama, Hannibal had more infantry, cavalry, and the largest mass of war elephants that had ever been used. The two generals met the night before and agreed that only battle could settle their differences (Hannibal lost both his brothers in the war, Scipio lost his father). Also, it should be known, the Senate withdrew all assistance to Scipio, so he was on his own in enemy territory. Hannibal was reinforced by proud Carthaginians from every coast in the Mediterranean. Somehow Scipio won, and (according to the source I read, honestly I have no idea) when a beaten Hannibal was brought before him, Scipio let him go (further destroying his popularity with the Senate). Scipio is the reason there was a Roman Empire, but history loves to forget him.
I think Mithradates should have been ranked higher than Boudicca and Vercengeterix. He fought Rome over 20 years and it took 3 of the greatest generals, Sulla, Lucius Lucinus, snd Pompey to defeat him. Also, Chrondomarius should have been given an honorable mention.
Forget Boudicca. Bring on Zenobia of the Palmyrene Empire, which encompassed Syria, the Levant, parts of Anatolia and Egypt, for an impressive enemy to Rome. Or, Queen Mavia of the Tanukhids, who set the terms for an eventual truce between her and the Romans after a succesful attack on Phoenicia and Palestine.
Boudicca was a loser. He rabble was destroyed. Tomyris destroyed Cyrus the Great. Now she was a real warrior queen.
Alaric respected Stilicho. When Stilicho was murdered, Alaric went on a ride around the Empire. He is the man who ended Sparta.
Rome never got taken over like China did. Mongolia bullied China way too much. Rome on the other hand, won lost, got back up and shook it all off. Rome was supposed to last 1000 years. Yes China is powerful now a days too. But I don't believe in the ancient world when it comes to being in power, were as powerful as Rome.
Major error on Hannibal. After Carthage lost the 2nd Punic was Hannibal fled east. Where he would command a fleet for Antiochus the Great of the Seleucid Empire in their unsuccessful war against Rome.... so he doesn’t just kill himself like this videos says...
Just to be fair, Scipio was also one of greatest general that the Roman ever had. Barca's defeat against him is justified. Scipio even respected Barca for his strategy and courageousness. After Barca's death, the Roman use his strategy to strengthen their legions.
I think that Quintus Sertorius also belongs on this kind of list.
After fleeing Italia just prior to Lucius Cornelius Sulla's victory at the Battle of the Colline Gate outside of Rome during the civil war following the death of Gaius Marius, he went first to Sicilia, then to North Africa, and finally to Hispanic, where he set up his own government, took almost all of Hispanic Interior (nearer Spain) and kept the Roman governor Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius confined to a section of the Hispanic Ulterior province (further Spain) for close to three years. It took both Metellus and Gnaeus Pompeius "Magnus" (Pompey the "Great") another three years to finally bring Sertorius down.
Note: Seems to me that during the Late Republic, Rome's greatest threats almost always seem to be Roman-born and/or related. I suspect that Spartacus may actually have been a Roman officer reduced to gladiatorial slavery due to some major military infraction or other. Of course, Roman historians and chroniclers wouldn't want THAT to be known, if it is actually so.
After all, in that period of Roman History, they already had plenty of renegade Roman military lights to list, what with Sulla leading an army on Rome while Consul; Marius doing the same while Sulla was off fighting Mithridates VI in Greece and Anatolia. Sulla doing it again and becoming Dictator; and Sertorius rampaging all about Hispanic.
What about Arminius? He would be the only one on this list who actually defeated the Romans in the long term. He united many germanic tribes under his banner and lured the Roman legions in a trap. In one battle, he annihilated 1/8 of the whole roman army, driving them out of Germania forever.
Pyrrhus should have been way higher, since he was such a formidable general and even inspired Hannibal, who deemed him and his cousin Alexander to be the greatest military minds the world had ever seen.
What? No Arminius? No Augustus banging his head against the wall and screaming "Quintili Vare, legiones redde!" ("Quintilius Varus, give me back my legions!")?
He was the reason only half of "Germania" became a Roman province because unlike Vercengetorix in Gallia he actually *won*.
And also he has a gigantic memorial here in Germany, second largest copper statue in the world behind the Statue of Liberty in New York.
Indeed, he put Rome and August in quite some trouble, unlike Boudicca, who, despite her army vastly outnumbered that of the Romans locally, couldn't even remotely put a dent in the Roman power. Boudicca is vastly overrated. Of course it's cool to see a woman take a stance, but that's all there is to her. I mean, what about Orodes II, king of the Parthians, who defeated a rather large army led by Crassus? That was a really major blow, essentially paving the way for Caesar to seize power and cause the downfall of the republic! Hell, even Julius Civilis caused the Romans more trouble than Boudicca. I guess it has to do with British nationalism.
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